Lactose is the name given to the sugar in milk (milk sugar). Lactose is only found in milk and thus only made by mammals.Lactose is not as sweet as other more common sugars and is also less soluble. It is converted to lactic acid by the normal souring of milk caused by enzymes of Streptococcus Lactis and other organisms. The Lactose content of milk again varies from species to species. Human milk has rather a large percentage ranging from 6.5% to 7.5%. Both Goats and Cows have less than 5% (though the range is greater) resulting in some form of sweetness being added when babies are reared on either of these two milks.
Distinguishing between allergies and lactose intolerance:
Allergies and lactose intolerance are different things. An allergic reaction is the body's response to a foreign body (antigen), typically proteins. Goat milk proteins have slightly different amino acid structures than cow milk proteins. Thus, a person who produces antibodies to cow milk proteins, may not produce antibodies to goat milk proteins. However, there is no guarantee that a person who is allergic to cow milk will not be allergic to goat milk, because the milks are similar. Lactose intolerance or lactose maldigestion result from a person's inability to completely digest lactose. Because microorganisms in the gut will produce gas, symptoms of lactose intolerance include cramps, flatulence and bloating. Lactose is present in all milks. Thus, goat milk can not successfully be substituted for cow milk in cases of lactose intolerance.
Interested readers, please follow these links for more information regarding Lactose Intollerance and the value of goat's milk.
PASTEURIZATION Pasteurization of milk is the process of heating raw milk for a specific time and temperature.
Pasteurization greatly reduces the possibility of food-borne illness.
At Petite Chèvre we pasteurize at 63 degrees Celsius for 20-30 minutes.
We want the benefits of pasteurization while still keeping our milk tasting as fresh as possible.
You will notice a fresh flavour with milk that is pasteurized at a lower temperature.
Many people comment that our milk tastes fresh from the farm. Try it and see what you think.